|Raw materials industry faces two major problems ,Overcapacity is still very serious|
|Release time£º2014-8-22 viewed£º410|
Monitoring and Coordination Bureau of Industry and Information Technology said yesterday that the country oct, raw materials industry is facing two problems. First, serious excess capacity and backward production capacity can not be quit, iron and steel, nonferrous metals, cement and other industries have similar problems; the second is energy resource constraints, along with coal, electricity supply and demand situation is tight for raw materials in industrial production will cause great impact .
China's industrial economic operation in spring 2010 report conference held yesterday. Introducing major industries operating conditions, characteristics and trends, relevant responsible person said, raw materials, industrial raw material investment is the main force driving industrial growth.
In 2009, the growth rate of industrial raw materials accounted for above-scale industrial added value of about 32% to 12%, accelerating 1.6 percentage points over last year; this year, January-February growth rate reached 20.7%, mainly low base last year (increase speed of only 3.1%). With investment growth is expected to decline in 2010, growth of industrial raw materials has slowed accordingly, annual growth will fall to around 11%. Raw materials industry is facing the biggest two problems: First, serious excess capacity and backward production capacity can not be quit, iron and steel, nonferrous metals, cement and other industries have similar problems; the second is energy resource constraints, along with coal, electricity supply and demand situation is tight for industrial production of raw materials will cause great impact.
In 2009, large-scale oil and chemical industrial added value increased 10.1% over the previous year, an acceleration of 2.6 percentage points; wherein the chemical industrial added value increased 15.9%, an increase of 5.9 percentage points. The main products, crude oil output reached 189 million tons, down 3.1%; natural gas production 85.2 billion cubic meters, an increase of 6.1%; sulfuric acid production 59.6 million tons, an increase of 16.9%; soda ash production 19.38 million tons, up 3 percent; caustic soda production 18,320,000 tons, down 1.1%; ethylene production 10.66 million tons, an increase of 8%; fertilizer (pure) production of 66 million tons, an increase of 9.8%. January-February this year, oil and chemical industrial added value increased 17.6%, including 27.3% growth in the chemical industry is expected to grow throughout the year were about 12% and 17%, crude oil production close to 2 million tons of ethylene, fertilizer production respectively in 1300 million tons and 6700 tons. Gradually optimize the industrial layout. Strict control of Refining and Ethylene Project new distribution. Built in Xinjiang Dushanzi, Sinopec Tianjin and Fujian Petrochemical sets of 3 million-ton oil refining and ethylene integration megaton device and Guangdong Nanhai petrochemical million-ton oil refining unit, before the end of 2011 for the formation of a 20 million-ton oil refining bases and 11 megaton ethylene base to create the conditions. Branch promote integrated refinery project preparatory works. Eliminate backward positive progress. Production and use in 2009, the elimination of backward production capacity of 460,000 tons of calcium carbide, coke production capacity of 18.09 million tons of backward, out of the industry accounted for about 5% of the total low levels of nitrogen and phosphate fertilizer enterprise, completely stopped the pesticide methamidophos and other five kinds of highly varieties .
Serious excess capacity in some industries blind expansion continues unabated. At present, China's calcium carbide production capacity of about 22 million tons, production of only 15 million tons, capacity utilization is only 68%; coke production capacity of about 440 million tons, production of only 345 million tons, nearly one hundred million tons of idle capacity; methanol production capacity of about 23 million tons, production only 11.3 million tons, more than half of idle capacity. According to industry association statistics, calcium carbide, coke and methanol production as well as in the construction of energy of about 700 million tons, 30 million tons and 8.6 million tons. In addition, some inorganic salts, inorganic bases, fertilizers, pesticides, etc. there are different degrees of overcapacity.
In addition, the building materials for downstream industries. In 2009, the national cement output reached 1.65 billion tons, an increase of 16 percent over the previous year; flat glass production 580 million weight cases, down 1.7%, mainly due to significant decrease of ordinary glass. This year from January to February, cement, flat glass production was 199 million tons and 99.11 million weight cases, an increase of 26.5% and 12.7%, respectively. 2010 is expected to yield nearly 1.8 billion tons of cement, flat glass production over 600 million weight cases.
The proportion of new dry process cement production a historic breakthrough 70% mark. In 2009, new dry process cement clinker production increased by 23.8% over the previous year, and other process cement kiln guessed output fell 6.1%, the proportion of NSP 72.5%, 9.7 percentage points increase over the previous year.